Guidelines through Germany (Gerlach): Map II

Map 2 {31} Map II.

Bishoprics and archbishoprics of the northern lands. Before 1076 the Danish kingdom was divided into eight bishoprics, including Lund in Skåne; the bishops, and probably also the priests, were at first mostly German (Ekklesia II. Die Kirche in Dänemark, Leipzig 1937). In 1103–4, by papal decree, Norway was placed together with Sweden under the archbishopric of Lund. In 1152 Norway was raised by the papal legate Nicholas Breakspeare (the future Pope Hadrian IV) to an independent church/ecclesiastical province, with the bishop of Drontheim (Nidaros) as its archbishop and ten suffragan bishops, namely Bergen, Oslo, Stavanger, Hamar, two in Iceland, and one each in the Faroes, the Orkneys, the Hebrides and Greenland (Ekklesia II. Die Kirche in Norwegen, Gotha 1936.) “When the canon Adam of Bremen wrote his history of the northern mission about 1075, the great temple of Odin, Thor and Frey in Old Uppsala was still standing.” – “The meeting-place of the Thing (parliament) became a bishop’s see, and the landscape became a diocese.” – “Alexander III, at the time of his quarrel with Frederick Barbarossa, gave Sweden its own archbishopric of Uppsala in 1164.” (Ekklesia II. Die Kirche in Schweden, Gotha 1935).